25 & 71 Color Chart
Most colors do best in SECCO, b
1. Buon fresco cadmium yellow, a
(Nickel complex Indian Yellow
Br/s inset in secco), b
2. Naples yellow, a & b
3. yellow ocher, a & b end of line 1
4. gold ocher, a & b
5. duplicate, a & b end of line 2
6. cinabrese, a & b
7. Italian warm ocher, a & b
8. red oxide, a & b end of line 3
9. raw sienna, a & b
10. burnt umber, a & b
11. burnt sienna, a & b
12. Vermilion, a & b end of line 4
13. cad red, a & b
14. Alizarin Crimson from Zecchi, a warm magenta, a & b
15. Pozzoli Red, a & b end of line 5
16. Porpora Lake, purple lake, better and smoother in SECCO. Porpora Lake bleeds in buon fresco.a & b
17. Cobalt Blue Deep turns gray in buon fresco, use in SECCO only. a & b
18. Ultramarine Blue, stronger in SECCO. a & b end of line 6
19. Verdaccio, brown-green on the buon fresco side turned into a rust spot, fresco secco Ok. a & b
20. Viridian, a & b
21. Thalo green, a & b end of line 7
22. Thalo blue, a & b
23. Magenta Lake, turns red and brown in and on lime. a & b
24. PR202 D.Smith Magenta, a & b end of line 8
01-22-04, I started a new chart with more colors.
plus a few cut out depressions for more new colors in fresco.
This mortar includes sand, that's why it looks gray, it will lighten as the lime becomes whiter.
Here are some tips I'm learning
IT'S BETTER TO LIGHTEN A COLOR WITH LIME MILK OR PASTE THAN WITH LIME WATER WASHES
Lime milk paints opaque tints, lime water makes a transparent or translucent glaze that losses it's chroma first. Later I learned it's easier and better to make tints with titanium white.
IT'S BETTER TO DARKEN A COLOR WITH LIME WATER
To keep a color at it's darkest, use lime water.
You MUST wash your brush in soap and water to remove a color.
Vinegar will remove and neutralize the lime on your hands and cleans your glass palette.
First color on a buon fresco test. fresco12whiteunderduracell.htm#First_Paint_Zinc_White
SECCO: Add alum to the egg to make it waterproof, or use casein.
MORTAR: Add alum to the mortar to make it harden faster.
Columns Across, Rows Down, 01-22-04
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
New Colors added 01-26-04
The two gold's did not work in fresco, I painted over half the Pale Gold in secco on 02-05-04 with casein and Pale Gold, both worked fine. The Rich gold got a secco coat of egg plus alum to make it waterproof.
1. Rich Gold - dissolved in alcohol, left side is SECCO with egg yolk medium.
2. Pale Gold ground in alcohol, left side is SECCO with casein.
3. Vine Black, warm black.
4. Titanium White, most opaque
5. Zinc White, translucent.
6. Lime White pigment, warm opaque when dry.
7. Vincenza White Earth, dries the color of sand.
8. OPPOSITION, Cadmium Red Light and Thalo Blue mix a cool dark. The heavier cadmium sunk below the cyan. SECCO
9. OPPOSITION, the cool gray from Cadmium Red Light and Thalo Blue. SECCO
10. New test not on this photo. Thalo Red and Thalo Blue made a good gray. SECCO
11. Mars Black, bottom tint with titanium white, egg yolk medium, SECCO.
1. Saffron, the original transparent yellow O/s
2. Reserved for Indian Yellow O/s
3. Indian Yellow Br/s Nickel Complex. PY108
4. Naples Yellow
5. Cadmium Yellow
6. Gold Ocher
7. Gold Ocher Light
8. Yellow Ocher
9. Raw Sienna
10. Italian Warm Ocher
11. Burnt Sienna
2. Raw Umber lightened with lime Milk not lime water, that paints opaque tints, yellow-brown.
3. Burnt umber, red-brown.
4. Saffron, right side tint with titanium white, left side with lime white pigment, both sides in EGG SECCO.
5. Indian Yellow Br/s ground in water, top egg yolk only, bottom left side lime white pigment and egg, middle titanium white and egg, right zinc white and egg. EGG SECCO.
6. Indian Yellow Br/s hue plus Titanium White in the middle mixed with Daniel Smith's Alizarin Crimson make a good red. EGG SECCO.
7. Indian Yellow Br/s hue plus PB15 cyan make a good green. EGG SECCO.
8. Flesh colors, Vermilion Genuine, Ercolano / Herculaneum Earth, Italian Warm Ocher, Naples Yellow, Gold Ocher Light, Yellow Ocher, Burnt Sienna, titanium White. EGG SECCO
9. Flesh colors, Vermilion Genuine, Ercolano / Herculaneum Earth, Italian Warm Ocher, Naples Yellow, Gold Ocher Light, Yellow Ocher, Burnt Sienna, titanium White. EGG SECCO
1. Cadmium Orange
2. Cadmium Red Medium PR108, PR88 permanent red looks the same.
3. Lacca Di Gabanza, a warm opaque tint of magenta.
4. Quinacridone Red
5. Pozzuoli Red
6. Red Ocher
7. Ercolano or Herculaneum Earth tinted with lime paste.
8. Vermilion Genuine ground in ammonia, tinted with lime.
9. Caput Mortum tinted with lime, lower right..
10 Caput Mortum, zinc and titanium white, egg. EGG SECCO
1 Lacca Magenta turns brown in lime.
2 Carminium, lightened 50% in lime.
3 D.S. Alizarin Crimson PR83 Anthraquinone. A warm magenta that gets browner in lime.
4 Alizarin Crimson Genuine, red-brown color. Useless
5 D.S. Quinacridone. Magenta PR202, water grind. Cool Magenta.
6 Light Magenta tint
7 Lacca Porpora, transparent purple, top left mixed with titanium white and thalo green to make the distant blue mountain color. This pigment bleeds pink in the first hours but it goes away as the lime turns white. EGG SECCO. This pink bleeding also happens in fresco, but it goes away as the lime looses it's translucency and becomes opaque white.
8 D.S. Alizarin Crimson, lime milk fresco, to store it wet dissolve it in ammonia. Egg and ammonia go well together.
9 D.S. Alizarin Crimson, ground in ammonia, egg, EGG SECCO.
10 D.S. Alizarin Crimson, ground in egg, EGG SECCO.
1. Cobalt Blue Deep.
2. Cobalt Blue Light tinted with lime on the lower right.
3. Ult. Blue Deep, is fading fast..
4. Ult. Blue Light, is also fading after only 12 hours.
5. Thalo Blue, the best cyan blue is PB15:1, as the numbers go up the magenta hue is added.
6. Indigo Genuine, blue-gray at best, a useless color in fresco.
7. Cerulean Blue, tinted with lime in the lower right.
1. D.S. Viridian, warm opaque green light, bottom right tinted with titanium.
2. Thalo Green with limewater wash.
3. Cobalt Turquoise, tinted with titanium white in the lower right.
4. Thalo Blue, two titanium tints, the left side ground in alcohol, right side ground in ammonia.
5. Zecchi Verdaccio, a dark green earth.
6. Warm Green Earth tinted with titanium white at the bottom. Cooler than chromium green oxide.
7. Chromium Green Oxide, top lime water, middle tinted with lime milk, bottom added lime pigment they looked the same going on, in fact the bottom looked darker. The bottom tint box on the right has titanium white added.
1. Zecchi Viridian Extra, cool, tinted with titanium white in the lower half.
2. OPPOSITION, Thalo Green and Quinacridone Magenta. NEUTRAL DARK.
3. OPPOSITION, Thalo green and Quinacridone Magenta. NEUTRAL DARK and GRAY.
4. OPPOSITION, Thalo Green and D.S.'s Alizarin Crimson. NEUTRAL DARK.
5. OPPOSITION, Thalo Green and D.S.'s Alizarin Crimson. NEUTRAL DARK and GRAY.
6. TRIAD, Indian Yellow Br/s, Alizarin Crimson and Thalo Blue. NEUTRAL DARK.
7. TRIAD, Indian Yellow Br/s, Alizarin Crimson and Thalo Blue. NEUTRAL DARK and GRAY.
1. OPPOSITION, Thalo Green and Alizarin Crimson a warm magenta, mix DARK and NEUTRAL GRAY. SECCO
2. OPPOSITION, Thalo Green and Alizarin Crimson make this neutral. SECCO
3. OPPOSITION, Thalo Green and Quinacridone Magenta a cool magenta, mixes DARK and NEUTRAL GRAY. SECCO
4. OPPOSITION, Thalo Green and Quinacridone Magenta make this neutral gray. SECCO
5. TRIAD, Indian Yellow Br/s, Alizarin Crimson and Thalo blue mix NEUTRAL. SECCO
6. TRIAD, Indian Yellow Br/s, Alizarin Crimson and Thalo blue mix this neutral gray. SECCO
Here is the bleeding purple on day 2, 01-28-04. It was still there on 02-12-04
Quinacridone Magenta Y, PR122 is a much better color than Alizarine Crimson PR38 as magenta.
They arrived 4-19-4, I'm testing them now.
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