Match these images to the numbers, below and above.
Best over all Indian Yellow for everyday location painting would be #6, PY:150,
Nickel Azo Brown-Lemon by Old Holland
Best over all Indian Yellow-Green for everyday location painting would be #10 Green-Orange hue to Yellow-Green, PY:129 Azo methine copper complex (Old Holland Green Gold)
all though... #11 PY:117, Azo methine copper complex (Genuine Golden Green by Mussini) is very handy.
7-1-9, Old Holland (OH) is doing a great job making all the colors, opaque and transparent, that fit into the yellow to red, yellow to brown and yellow-green to green categories. Opaque oxides cover the range from yellow to dark burnt umber and raw umber. The world has never had a better permanent color spectrum, and the RCW is the correct way to display them. Every color and it's opposite can be used together to mix a neutral dark. Transparent colors or high silicon oxides are best for mixing neutral dark oppositions, while opaque oxides tend to add lightness to oppositions and are perfect for color gradations.
(#1) *PY:42 Iron Oxide is not dual-toned = Transparent Oxide-Yellow Lake OH
(#2) Yellow-Green-Oxide hue to Yellow, PY:153 Org/s Dioxine Nickel Complex w/ PY:129 Azo methine copper complex = Indian Yellow-Green Lake Extra OH
(#3) Red-Orange to Yellow, PY:153 Org/s Dioxine Nickel Complex w/ PY:10 Isoindolin = Indian Yellow-Orange Lake Extra OH
(#4) Red-Brown to Yellow, PY:153 Org/s Dioxine Nickel Complex w/ Yellow Oxide PY42 = Indian Yellow Brown Lake Extra OH, or PY100 Tartrazine for watercolors (no photo)
(#5) Orange to Yellow, PY:95 Azo Condensation w/ PR:101 Syn Iron Oxide = Indian Yellow - Brown Extra OH
(#6) Yellow-Ocher hue to Lemon Yellow, PY:150 Nickel Azo Complex = Nickel Azo Brown - Lemon OH
(#7) Yellow-Ocher Gr/s hue to Yellow, PY:129 Azo methine copper complex w/ Azo Condensation PY:95 = Indian Yellow-Green Extra OH
(#8) Red to Yellow, PY:153 Dioxine Nickel Complex w/= PR:19 Quinacradone Old Holland Red Gold Lake OH
(#9) Yellow-Brown-Oxide hue to Yellow, PY:153 Org/s Dioxine Nickel Complex (Zecchi Syn Indian Yellow) dry pigment
(#13) Translucent Orange Oxide, PR:101 Red Transparent Iron Oxide w/ PY:42 Yellow Transparent Iron Oxide = Mussini Translucent Orange Oxide
New 2010, mono (Cad yellow light) Indian Yellow transparent = Indian Yellow Extra, PY128, (brighter than Hansa Light)
New 2010, mono (Cad yellow lemon) Azo Yellow Lemon transparent = Azo Yellow Lemon, PY3, (brighter than Hansa Light)
Dual-toned Indian Yellow-Greens
(#10) Green-Orange hue to Yellow-Green, PY:129 Azo methine copper complex = Old Holland Green Gold
(#11) Green-Oxide hue to Yellow-Green, PY:117 Azo methine copper complex = Genuine Golden Green by Mussini
(#12) Green to Yellow-Green, PY:150 Gr/s Nickel Azomethine w/ PG:36 Y/s Copper Complex w/ PY3 Hansa Yellow = Green Gold by Golden
**PR101 Red Iron Oxide is not dual-toned = Transparent Oxide Yellow Lake OH
***Isoindolinone, Isoindoline and Iron Oxide are not dual-toned by themselves.
This is the dry PY:150 Br/s primary transparent yellow pigment mulled with water. It is a dual-toned pigment powder that needs to be ground before becoming a pigment. Only then will it show its yellow side. Where the once ocher colored powder turned brown when it was wet and yellow brown when it was crushed wet, it tints to a Cadmium Yellow Deep, Medium or even a Cadmium Yellow Light hue when mulled.
Here is PY153 Indian yellow mulled in linseed oil, turpentine and ethylene glycol for ink.
11-6-12, I made an Acrylic Tartrazine Transparent Yellow.
Here are the photos of the tubed pigment and transparency tests on white and black paper. It worked well on absorbant paper not on the acrylic gesso ground. It made a nice colored acrylic paint but it bled through the acrylic medium. I discovered the problem while washing the first day's work, it lost a major battle in the paint wars.
This is how to make a true transparency test. First paint the color on white paper to see the color, than paint it on black paper. If it's truly transparent it should turn the black paper blacker.
THESE ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT TRANSPARENT YELLOW PIGMENTS since Indian Yellow Original Golden Side and Brown Side were
discontinued in 1900. It was the best permanent transparent primary yellow replacing the Br/s turmeric and golden saffron, not that cadmium opaque yellow or benzimidazolone translucent yellow should be neglected.
Buy your supply while this nickel complex paint is still available, 1-6-5.
Nickel complex, PG10F is a cool primary transparent yellow compound that almost looks the same as PY:150 in dry pigment. Too late, it may have been discontinued. 5-1-9
6-6-6 Golden Acrylics has some new colors in this range. Indian Yellow Golden Hue, Arylide Yellow PY:7, Nickel Complex Azo PY:150 and Quinacridone PR:206 transparent.
I understand you may call this new pigment to be released in the fall of 2006, Quinacridone/Nickel Azo Gold. Also, for the brown side of Indian yellow they have Nickel Azo Yellow, PY:150.
5-10-13 Winsor Newton just posted this today. It's the same pigment Golden used in 2006, Quinacridone, Azo Nickel Complex Colour index name: PY 150. The color is the same as the original Indian Yellow orange side.
"Winsor & Newton stopped its production of Genuine Gamboge in 2005 due to its toxicity and replaced it with the best lightfast and permanent alternative possible at that time. Due to the pigments then available, this replacement was a different shade and was renamed New Gamboge."
"This year, due to the discontinuation of the current pigments, New Gamboge, in both Professional Water Colour and Cotman, has been reformulated again and, with advances in pigment technology, the colour is much closer to its original namesake, delivering greater authenticity." (I see it as Indian yellow orange side color, gamboge original was more to the brown side and not as transparent.)
"Available in Artists' Watercolour and Cotmans, New Gamboge is a unique warm yellow, adding gentle nuances to the artist's palette." (We are still missing a good brown side Indian yellow)
"W&N Colour information:
Pigment change: Reformulated due to pigment discontinuation, now closer to genuine Gamboge.Colour name: New Gamboge, Colour number/code: 267Series number: 1, Chemical description: Quinacridone, Azo Nickel Complex Colour index name: PR 209, PY 150, Colour index number: 48545, Permanence rating: AASTM lightfastness rating: II, Transparency/Opacity: ST"
So the new watercolor W&N pigment they call "New Gamboge" is a good synthetic, transparent, orange to yellow, duel-toned color. It also matches Tartrazine's PY100 color that I use in my plotter.
It's called Tartrazine Acid Yellow 23 by SpectrumColors.com. It's also a food coloring pigment used by the Indian Ajanta Group, PY100. Anthraquinone acid dyes today constitute the second largest group of commercial colorants.
PY100 is an excellent Indian Yellow for water colors on paper, I haven't tested it in lime yet. It should be written PY:100, or RCW#1.0.5.
Today 8-26-10 I finally made it to the first slot of six image links shown, one of 20,000,000 Google results.
The photo is of a 7 month sun test on the dashboard of my van.
This sun test proves the permanency of Tartrazine, my perfect printing and painting transparent yellow. Using Titanium white and Tartrazine Clear I can make colors from Cadmium yellow dark to Cadmium Yellow Pale.
PY42, Yellow Iron Oxide Translucent - Added to PY153 make Br/s transparent Indian Yellow. Synthetic Hydrated ferric oxide; Iron oxide monohydrate;
CAS 51274-00-1, Orange yellow to orange, brown possible. http://www.davincipaints.com/
PY185, Isoindoline Yellow-green, Sico Fast Yellow D, translucent.
PR101 + PY12*, oil Indian yellow by ShinHan ( a great new paint manufacture of oil, acrylic and W/c paints) http://www.art-paints.com/Paints/Oil/Utrecht/Indian-Yellow/Indian-Yellow.html (and) http://art-paints.com/Paints/Watercolor/Daniel-Smith/Extra-Fine/Indian-Yellow/Indian-Yellow.html.
Notice that ShinHan sells to US suppliers. I used their Indian yellow oil color and it is perfect. They make this color in oil, W/c and acrylic. They are also the best brand of Opera magenta water color, their best because the pigment is a smaller size than other manufactures.
Orpiment was the first transparent dual-toned yellow (Gotto) then came gamboge, which didn't smell like rotten eggs.
Gamboge is the color of dried ear wax in its mass-tone, milked from a tree called Garcinia hanburyi.
Buckthorn was another transparent yellow lost when the Original Indian Yellow replaced them.
Turmeric is another dual-toned transparent yellow-orange and it was cheap, Original Indian Yellow replaced it because it was more permanent.
NY20, Natural Yellow 20, Transparent Indian Yellow Permanent Original, Euxanthin; Euxanthine; Gaugoli; Monghyr; Purée of India. Extracted from urine of cows fed mango leaves. Calcium salts and magnesium euxanthate. Dual-toned from orange to yellow and brown to yellow in a cheaper version.
NY6, Saffron, Color dye extracted from the stigmas Crocus Sativa then precipitated onto lake base.
Transparent orange to yellow Saffron from the blue crocus flower was expensive, 170,000 flowers equals 1 kilo of saffron.
NY24, Gamboge Genuine, Resin extract from the Garcinia hanburyi tree. Fugitive. Translucent. http://www.kamapigment.com/asp/main.asp?llang=1
CHEMICAL PIGMENT CLASSES FOR TRANSPARENT YELLOW COLORS 8-29-9
* is for best choice, (" ") is a name description.
Isondolineone Azomethine Type, Irgazin 2GLT, not dual-toned, bright yellow under-tone.
*Isondolineone, "Irgazin Golden" PY10, BEST FOR ADDING TO PY153 TO MAKE INDIAN YELLOW Br/s
Isoindoline, "Indo Golden" is Yellow-orange mono-tone, PY139.
Isoindoline, Light Yellow-orange to Orange, PO86,
Isoindoline, Orange R/s PO69.
Isoindoline, Red opaque PR260.
Isondoline + Cobalt, "Cobalt Indo Golden", orange to yellow in the lightest under-tone tints only.
Iron Oxide Calcined is a redish-orange mass-tone to yellowish-orange under-tone, translucent not a true dual-tone, PY42.
Iron Oxide Calcined is also a deep red to light red, translucent PR101. Or a brown mass-tone to yellow-orange under-tone, PBr7 covers a lot of colors.
Azo Disazo Condinsarion, "Chromopthal 3G", yellow-orange mass-tone to yellow-yellow-orange under-tone. Mass-tone 50% Yellower than Nickel Dioxine, Transparent, O/s, PY93.
Azo Diarylide Disazo, Diarylide Yellow HR, "Indian Yellow Permanent" Indian Yellow O/s, PY83. A GOOD INDIAN YELLOW O/s.
Azo Disazo, Diaryl Yellow, yellow-orange mass-tone with a red undertone, PY176.
*Azo Metal Complex, "Nickel Azo Golden" PY150. THE PERFECT TRANSPARENT INDIAN YELLOW Br/s, MY CHOICE FOR EVERYDAY PAINTING.
*Azo Metal Complex, "Nickel Dioxine", a yellow-orange with a yellow under-tone, THE PERFECT PY153 A WARM INDIAN YELLOW O/s. ADD PY42 FOR A Br/s or add IRGAZIN PY10 FOR MORE O/s
Azo Metal Complex, Nickel Azo Xtra, is a green-yellow to yellow PG10. (too clean a green for it to be a useful shortcut color)
*Azo Metal Complex, "Nickel Azo", mass-tone from a light green-orange-brown mass-tone to an under-tone of yellow PG10. A VERY HANDY TRANSPARENT INDIAN YELLOW GREEN SIDE
Azo Methine, Dark, RCW#36.5 to orange+green under-tone, PG10. I don't want an unclean under-tone in exchange for a darker mass-tone.
Azo Methine, Nickel Azo Dark is a green-orange, the under-tone is yellow-orange, PG10.
Azo Methine, Nickel Orange is a translucent orange, the under-tone has slight yellow under-tone, PO59.
Azo Methine, Nickel Orange Deep is an orange-brown to orange under-tone, PO65.
Azo Methine, can go from a deeper mass-tone yellow-green PG10 to orange-green PG10.
Azo Methine, Nickel Orange Medium on the green-orange side is, PY117
Azo Methine, Nickle Violet is a deep brown-red, the green has gone, magenta undertones, PR257.
Anthranthrone from opaque red light hue PR168 to PR177 a darker transparent red.
*Anthranthrone Hexterocyclic, Flaventhrone transparent PY24. PY24 is in the Indian yellow O/s catagory. ANOTHER PERFECT INDIAN YELLOW O/s.
Anthranthrone Hexterocyclic, Flaventhrone Deep transparent PY24. Loses it's dual-tone to yellow.
Tartrazine, transparent orange to yellow PY100. ANOTHER PERFECT INDIAN YELLOW O/s PY100, PY:100, on paper only, I found it bleeds through acrylic medium.
Pthalocyanine Polyclic, Pthalo Dioxazine, PB15 + PV23, a cool purple.
Polyclic, Dioxazine Violet (purple) PV23, a warm purple.
RELATED PAGES TO - PRIMARY INDIAN YELLOW TRANSPARENT DUAL-TONE
(BROWN TO YELLOW) PIGMENT