Real Color Wheel

Dioxine Purple Ultramarine Blue Cobalt Blue Thalo Cyan Blue Turquoise transparent Green Opaque Thalo Green
Burnt Umber Real Color Wheel in Pigments CenterW Permanent Green Light
Burnt Sienna Top Space
Venetian Red Yellow Green Opaque CENTER
Yellow Oxide bottom SPACE
Naples Yellow Light Green Gold Transparent Bottom
Magenta Rembrandt Rose Cadmium Red Medium Cadmium Orange Indian Yellow Gold transparent Cadmium Yellow Medium Cadmium Yellow Pale

Comparing color wheels, Old & New, CMYK/RGB

Yellow, Red and Blue Primary Colors

This is a color wheel without transparent primaries. It is the one currently taught today with Yellow, Red and Blue as the primary colors (wrong). This is the Mayer, Runge, Cheverul, Itten color wheel and it is not artist friendly. 

The oppositions on this color wheel only make hues of brown, instead of making neutral dark grays and blacks.

That color wheel is taught to most people today (School Standards for all States except N.Y.). This twelve hue color circle was developed by, Tobios Mayer in 1775, Otto Runge in 1809, Chevreul in 1839, and Johannes Itten. 

Chevreul, 1839, Chevreul made a twelve color wheel, Yellow, Red, and Blue again, wrong complements, wrong after images, Yellow is not opposite purple, Ultramarine Blue is not opposite Orange and Red is not the complement of Green. His complements in "Simultaneous Contrast of Color" made mud. He never completed his solid model.

Albert Munsell, 1905. He made a five color wheel with no triad. The principle colors he did have were, red, yellow, green, blue, and purple. No Magenta or cyan unless you consider purple as the magenta and put cyan between green and blue. In a 5, 8 or 10 color wheel there is no triad possible. Next he darkened the colors with Black, mixed them with Gray, and tinted them with White, and numbered them all. This is still taught today. An eight or five or ten color wheel will not work. It has to be a 3, 6, 12 or 36 color wheel to have a triad and correct opposite secondaries. In the element color wheel, colors do not darken with black like the RGB color wheel and the Munsell color wheel.

1916, The last color wheel (square) of college record was by Church-Ostwald. It has Yellow, Red, Sea Green and Ult. Blue at the corners. It made way for the new coal-tar colors, all pigments were replaced by their top-tone matching colors. Naples Yellow, Rubin's favorite, artists' favorite for two thousand years, was replaced by a mixture of Zinc and Ocher. Pigments were moving from the Iron Age to the Oil Age.

Red Yellow and Blue colorwheel 1900

Ostwald had no regard for opacity, or raw pigment content, only the final dried chip color was important. 

This represents the Red Yellow Blue (RYB) color and painting theory (wrong) that is still accepted today. 

Actually it doesn't work any better than the ROYGBIV color theory without transparent magenta or transparent cyan that was popular when I went to school (1950). 

Young artists are having trouble, they are being taught a system that doesn't work.

On the old Red Yellow Blue color wheel a Red tomato would use Green and darken the Red to Brown.

None of the oppositions on that color wheel will mix into any color but a medium brown because:

1. All the colors are opaque.
2. All of the oppositions are incorrect.

NEW (2000 A.D.)


matching natures colors with
Yellow, Magenta and Cyan Transparent Primary Colors


Crystals represent all the colors we see. The RCW is a crystal color element map.


This is a new correct color wheel for artists. Mix neutral complements from opposition pigments, mix shadow colors correctly without black pigment.


The oppositions on this color wheel make neutral dark grays and blacks, not brown.


Both color wheel's match the RGB's tint and it's full chroma colors, like the rainbow and natural crystal element colors.

This color wheel also matches the CMYK color wheel divisions of colors, but not in the way RGB & CMYK colors get darker by adding black ink. The natural painting artist needs the correct dark color ranges made with opposition pigments to make believable shadows..


toward color theory, Don Jusko.

Each color opposition on the RCW mixes to a dark neutral that tints a neutral gray.

It should be your colorwheel !

Donald Jusko 12 color RCW for pigments

The Old RYB has a Red/Green opposition that should be Magenta/Green instead. On that Red, Yellow and Blue color wheel, a red tomato would use green to make a shadow on the tomato making Brown. Ugg..

No wonder today's young artists are having trouble, they are being taught a system that doesn't work. On the RCW color wheel a Red tomato would use Cyan to darken the Red into natural shadow color.

Only on this Real Color Wheel are yellow and brown in the same color column path, like the yellow elements.

1. All pigment colors are located on the RCW.
2. All color oppositions are correct.

3. All colored hexadecimal codes are given for the web page creator. All CMYK colors are RGB colors in gamut.

I hope you use this Real Color Wheel to mix pigment colors.
It matches nature's colors perfectly and is easy to learn. See my paintings. Donald Jusko

CMYK for printing and painting
CMYK Real Color Wheel

RGB for the computer matching elements getting dark.
RGB Real Color Wheel

This CLICKABLE chip color map below shows the true opposition
pigment colors for mixing neutral darks on my color wheel.

Blockx Yellow Cobalt Old Holland Gamboge Lake Ex. Syn. O.H. Indian Yellow Brown Lake Syn. Rembrandt Asphaltum Syn, very oily Burnt Umber Mussini Zinc Yellow, the coolest yellow. No link Bocour Cad Yellow Lead Chromate Grumbacher Cad Barium Yellow Pale Mussini Naples Yellow Light, Nickle Titanium O.H. Indian Yellow-Orange Lake Syn. Dual-tone Mussini Raw Umber Blockx Baryum Yellow, very weak O.H. Indian Yellow-Orange Lake Syn. Mussini Naples Yellow Deep Yelow Raw Ocher Mussini Trans Yellow Oxide Green Earth Green Gold Nickel Azo Sap Green Syn. dual-tone Green Umber Earth Green Oxide W/N Flesh Burnt Sienna Rewmbrandt Chinese Vermilion syn. O.H. Yellow Green Organic Mussini Cad. Yellow Lemon Mussini Cad yellow Middle Rembrandt Chinese Vermilion Syn Blockx Venation Opaque Warm Red Oxide Cadmium Orange Cadmium Barium Red Light Permanent Green Light Grumbacher Phthalo Green Light Mussini Opaque Green Light Mussini Phthalo Green Turquoise, Rembrandt Blue Green Cadimium Bayrum Red Light Rembrandt Red Rose Rose Madder, Yarka Garance Violet Grumbacher Thalo Blue, Old Holland Manganese Blue O.H. Scheveninge BLue Light Opaque D.Smith Quinacridone Magenta pr122 Cobalt Violet Transparent, Cool Magenta Dual-tone Cobalt Blue Light Mussini Royal Blue Light Blockx French Ult. Bue Ultramarine Violet Dioxazine Purple Mussini Royal Blue Deep Ultramarine Deep Ultramarine Light Dioxazine Purple tints cool

Real Color Wheel main page link

Order here. RCW Transparent Primary Palette with Tartrazine yellow Clear.

Ceramic w/c palette

Transparent Yellow has become important, I made a new palette using three different concentrations of the same color. All three will lighten to the same bright yellow. Now the pigment will last a lot longer.

Understanding Chemical Classes (Arylide), Pigment Names & Numbers (PB15),
Color Index Names and Natural Pigments, all located on the Real Color Wheel.

Look at these 1st grade children learning the new color wheel with transparent colors.

NEXT Opposition Colors, rcwchartoppmap.htm
PREVIOUS Mass-tone Pigments shown, tubecolors.htm

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This Color Thesis on DVD, $35.00.
Order only a 5x5 Laminated Real Color Wheel $10.00.