Real Color Wheel main page
by Donald A. Jusko

Painting on Location with 3 Primary Pigments
Dioxine Purple Ultramarine Blue Cobalt Blue Thalo Cyan Blue Turquoise transparent Green Opaque Thalo Green
Burnt Umber Real Color Wheel in Pigments CenterW Permanent Green Light
Burnt Sienna Top Space
Venetian Red Yellow Green Opaque CENTER
Yellow Oxide bottom SPACE
Naples Yellow Light Green Gold Transparent Bottom
Magenta Rembrandt Rose Cadmium Red Medium Cadmium Orange Indian Yellow Gold transparent Cadmium Yellow Medium Cadmium Yellow Pale

A full palette with only 3 primary color transparent pigments.

The three primary colors used to make this real color wheel in transparent OIL paints were,
Old Holland Indian Yellow O/s PY153
Grumbacher Thalo Blue, PB15.3
Daniel Smith or W/N Quinacridone Magenta, PR122


We paint one of these color wheels in each class I give.
This RCW is painted with ACRYLIC paint. There is no transparent PY153
in tubed acrylic paint so we made one from dry pigment, 1-15-5.

RCW in acrylic

10-25-04 Testimonial

msg= Hi Don, Send me a Zip of the RCW please. Yours is the first really useful colour wheel that I have found as it is good for photography as well as for paint. I'd like the zip so that it can be printed to A3 size for use as a teaching aid in a photography course in the UK.

Thanks in advance
Tom Merryweather

Hooray! My 30 grams of Sennelier's Quinacridone Red, #679, for $55 w/ship arrived. IT IS THE PERFECT TRANSPARENT MAGENTA, BAR NONE. It's Pigment Index Color Number is PR122. This is the dry pigment magenta you need for frescos and all other media. Only Sennelier has it as dry pigment.

The perfect triad is:
Transparent Indian Yellow (warm yellow-brown) PY153 from Zecchi in Florance, PY150 is the same color to my eye.
Or Transparent Indian Yellow (warm yellow-orange-greenish PG10F from Senopia.
Transparent Quinacridone Magenta, PR122 from Sennelier.
Transparent Phthalocyanine Blue (cyan) PB15.3 from Senopia. Old Holland has a perfect transparent cyan oil paint called Manganese Blue, made with Barium Manganate PB33.
Keep this list as close to your heart as I do, it took testing over $2000 worth of pigments to find these gems. At the same time I got a great fresco complete palette. I made a DVD of painting 2 frescos using the transparent primary palette. It's $35 on my order page.

Painting with a Transparent Triad Palette, 3 primary colors, makes all these colors except one ultramarine blue which was used to compare the mixed blue with the tube ult blue PB29.

First is transparent Indian yellow O/s then transparent Indian yellow Br/s

transparent Yellow

Transparent Triad Colors in 6 round color chips, except for the first ball, opaque ultramarine blue PB29.
Indian yellow O/s ball PY153. Cyan PB15.3 and Indian yellow PY153 make the green color chip sample.
Magenta and cyan made the purple ball, cyan and magenta made the blue ball, Indian yellow and magenta made the red ball.

transparent triad mixed colors

Oppositions, opaque red PR88 or cad red PR108, transparent cyan PB15.3. Using each other's color to make a neutral dark shadow.

transparent cyan

Oppositions Transparent Magenta PR122, Transparent Green PG35, using each other's color to make a neutral dark shadow.

transparent magenta

The black ball was made with this transparent triad.

triad black

Testing for black with PR122, PB15.3 and PY153 on a 14x18 panel, making a very dark
BUON FRESCO without black pigment.

Latour Wine

Painting an apple with my transparent 3 primary color sample card. PR122, PB15.3 and PY153 in water colors, laying down yellow first, then magenta and cyan.

Dual-toned Indian Yellows;
Yellow-Ocher hue to Lemon Yellow, PY150 Nickel Azo Complex (Nickel Azo Brown - Lemon OH)
Orange to Yellow, PY:95 Azo Condensation w/ PR:101 Syn Iron Oxide (Indian Yellow - Brown Extra OH)
*PR101 Iron Oxide is not dual-toned
Yellow-Green-Oxide hue to Yellow, PY:153 Org/s Dioxine Nickel Complex w/ PY:129 Azo methine copper complex (Indian Yellow-Green Lake Extra OH)
Yellow-Brown-Oxide hue to Yellow, PY:153 Org/s Dioxine Nickel Complex (Zecchi Syn Indian Yellow) dry pigment
Red-Brown to yellow, PY:153 Org/s Dioxine Nickel Complex w/ Yellow Oxide PY42 (Indian Yellow Brown Lake Extra OH)
*PY42 Iron Oxide is not dual-toned (Transparent Oxide-Yellow Lake OH)
Red-Orange to Yellow, PY:153 Org/s Dioxine Nickel Complex w/ PY:10 Isoindolin, Isoindolinone and Isoindoline are not transparent (Indian Yellow-Orange Lake Extra OH)
Red to Yellow, PY:153 Dioxine Nickel Complex w/ Quinacradone (Old Holland Red Gold Lake OH)
Yellow-Ocher Gr/s hue to Yellow, PY:129 Azo methine copper complex w/ Azo Condensation PY:95 (Indian Yellow-Green Extra OH)

Dual-toned Indian Yellow-Greens;
Green to Yellow-Green, PY:150 Gr/s Nickel Azomethine w/ PG36 Y/s Copper Complex w/ PY3 Hansa Yellow (Green Gold by Golden)
Green-Orange hue to Yellow-Green, PY:129 Azo methine copper complex (Old Holland Green Gold)
Green-Oxide hue to Yellow-Green, PY:117 Azo methine copper complex (Genuine Golden Green by Mussini)

3 color apple

Anyone that would like to test try these transparent 3 primary colors from a post card with these dried water color samples on it, send a Check for $15 and your address to: Don Jusko, 1057 Makawao Ave. A-203, Maui, HI, 96778. These are the best triad transparent pigments, make your own little colorwheel and see for yourself. Get both the laminated 5" RCW and the pigment samples for $25. Or get the Painting on Location CD, the 5" laminated RCW plus the pigments for $50.

Click here to order with your credit card: The DVD Real Color Wheel, Laminated RCW's or the Fresco DVD Movie using 3 primary colors.

This cool 3 color primary transparent triad in oils made perfect blues, reds and greens.
Bocour Cobalt Violet, color not available anymore
Grumbacher Thalo Blue
Old Holland Indian Yellow O/s

Full palette, 3 colors.

These links are to other 3 primary color paintings, the pigments are:

Dry Pigments;
Indian yellow PY153 from Zecchi,
Magenta PR122 from Sennelier,
Cyan PB15.3 from Senopia.

Food Coloring
The Easter Egg Coloring 6-pack

Oil Paints
Old Holland Indian Yellow Orange-side
Daniel Smith Quinacridone Magenta PR122 (oil paint only)
Grumbacher Thalo Blue, cyan PB15

Water Colors
Daniel Smith New Gamboge PY153 (or Golden PY150) Nickel Dioxine is the best Indian Yellow O/s pigment.
Daniel Smith Quinacridone Magenta PV202 is more to the cyan side so it's not perfect for me.
Grumbacher Thalo Crimson PV19 is more to the warm side so it's not perfect for making blues.
PR122 is the perfect magenta.
Grumbacher Thalo Blue PB15 is the perfect transparent cyan primary color to mix and make any color in front of me as I paint oil or any media.

New! 7-1-6, Golden primary set.
Golden Acrylics, Indian Yellow Hue golden/side transparent. Nickel Complex Azo PY150 (same as PY153), with Quinacridone PR206 and Arylide yellow PY73. And.. Brown/side Golden Acrylic Njckel Complex Azo PY150
Golden Acrylics Magenta PR122
Golden Acrylics Phthalo Blue PB15.4 (a little on the magenta side, Hyplar had an acrylic phthalocyanine chlorinated copper that was perfect, they called it PB15. It is the same hue as Grumbacher's perfect oil Thalo blue.)

Children painting with Food Coloring Colors 1st Grade learning the transparent 3 primary colors.
Children painting with Water Colors 3rd Grade learning the transparent 3 primary colors.
Adult artist workshop 1 on Maui Adults using only the primary colors.
Adult artist workshop 2 on Maui Adult pros making and using only the primary colors.
3 color examples Mixing the three transparent primary colors.
Lime Water Media 75 sq. foot Buon Fresco in 3 colors.
Lime Water Medium Buon Fresco #1 in 3 colors.
Lime Water Medium Buon Fresco #2 in 3 colors.
Maroger Medium Hana Paintings with Maroger's Medium in 3 primary colors.
Maroger Medium The Kaupo Hearts, Black Oil painting in 3 primary colors.
Egg Tempera Medium Still Life with the transparent 3 primary colors.
Water Color Painting with 3 primary colors.
Copal Medium with the RCW 3 Primary Color Wheel

Transparent Yellow

I have been working with a chemical company called Spectra Colors Corp. in my home State, N.J., 4-2-6, to provide my transparent yellow color. Spectracid Tartrazine 170 / Acid Yellow 23 / Azo / C.A.S#: 1934.21.0 / H:1 F:0 R:0 P:D / APR 25,2006 / Lot # T14976 / Scc Order # : 63305, is my choice. This is it, an Indian Yellow for plotters and artists. It is very permanent, never changing at all after 2 months in the hot Lahaina Sun, the ball point writing is gone. Ethylene Glycol added to the pigment made it waterproof ink when dry. As a water color add gum arabic and a little honey. The amount of water added to the pigment to print a cadmium yellow light is 1:9. In this image there are 3 cups of 1:9 mixtures, (they all look simular) this is the pigment and dilution I'm printing with.

The two rows are two different pigments. Printing with full strength (1:1 with water) the ink printed a cadmium yellow medium hue color. 1:9 is what the plotter needs to bring it down to cad yellow light hue. All colors with yellow included in them are rich.

Transparent yellow printing

The yellow ink for printers/plotters is opaque today, and I found it prints weakly as a tint. Yes, the plotter spray printing industry can use an upgrade.. Their standard Cyan is too magenta (I think) So could our National Color Index, it's lacking because it's based on calling red, yellow and blue the primary colors.

Imagine saying red (which is made of yellow and magenta), is the primary color and giving magenta a code like PR:122. That's Pigment Red #122 to the artist trade. We all know that's wrong. Or should know it's wrong.

Yes, the 3 transparent colors, Yellow, Cyan, Magenta color wheel is accurate, not the red, yellow, blue colour wheel. Compare them here.

My color wheel adds to that, giving the ability to mix all opposite secondary colors to a black hue.

This is a big problem today, because all of our State's School Standards are commanded to teaching the Red, Yellow and Blue as primary colors. Very sad.

11-20-8, The day before yesterday I ran out of the color MediaStreet calls G-7 cyan in my plotter. I have two bottles on hand so it was no problem. Instead of just refilling my homemade bulk ink system I decided now was the time to work on my Spectra cyan. Spectra had sent me cyan in two forms, dry pigment and liquid.
This is how I tested and compared the different products. An eye dropper will give equal amounts per drop if the viscosity is the same or not. My viscosities are the same. For each color ink I made a chip color of 1 ink to 0 water = 1:0, the full ink color. And 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, 1:6 all the way up to 1:24.
Spectramine Blue FBLK LIQ, Direct Blue 199 is the only color matching the Grumbacher Thalo blue oil paint that I love and promote. Spectra Colors Corp. is a pigment manufacturer. They make that transparent color in dry pigment and water ink.

As far as the different ink colors for different plotters is concerned, this is what I found. MediaStreet G-6 cyan for the 4 and 6 color plotters reaches the same value by deluting the Specta "cyan" like this, 1 Spectra (cyan) : 2 water : 1/4 ethylene glycol. I use the addition of ethylene glycol as a slower drying lubricant for my plotter's heads.

TIP: For cleaning purposes, ammonia dissolves dried ink, it breaks it up which is good for cleaning printing heads. Alcohol destroys dried ink, BAD for cleaning heads.

This final color was still too dark for print my opinion. The cyan it prints on my color wheel looks too blue. Remember, cyan changes to blue as it gets darker.
For my plotter I settled on 2:5:1/2, two spectra cyan liquid, five water and 1/2 ethylene glycol.

For a more in-depth disscussion on printing inks for plotters, go here,

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